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大石桥市中心医院
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为啥甲状腺结节、甲癌越来越多?跟碘盐有多大关系?| 华西医院朱精强揭秘

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2019-08-07 08:34:03  阅读次数:2595 次

 

▲甲状腺一个容易受情绪影响的娇弱器官。

相信你身边也有不少人正在遭遇“结节危机”。据流行病学调查表明:甲状腺结节的患病率高达18.6%,这意味着我国每5个人中就有近1人患有甲状腺结节。

1

甲状腺结节离癌有多远?

01 为啥长结节的人越来越多了?


873kk在线免费观看 ▶adaye:“yiqiansuibianchiheshentidoumeishi,xianzai,dongbudongjiu‘jiejie’le,‘ai’le……”


▶bdage:“woyeye,chouyanhejiudayudarou,shentibeierbang,rangwojiankangyinshi,guilvzuoxi?aimeiyong,tingtianyoumingba。”


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“85%~95%dejiejieshishiliangxingde,zhiyou5%~15%dejiejieyouaibiandekeneng,dabufendejiejiedoushiliangxingde,meibiyaoguofendanxin。”zhujingqiangjiaoshoushuo。


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“85%~95%dejiejieshishiliangxingde,zhiyou5%~15%dejiejieyouaibiandekeneng,dabufendejiejiedoushiliangxingde,meibiyaoguofendanxin。”zhujingqiangjiaoshoushuo。


02 结节长成这样的最该注意!

jiejieyouhaohuaizhifen,ninbufangnachujianchadanduizhaokanxia——


gaopinchaoshengjianchaxia,youzheiyangtezhengdejiejietongchangqingkuangxiashiliangxingde:

873kk在线免费观看 ①bianjieqingchu;② xingtaiguize;③denghuisheng。


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873kk在线免费观看 ①bianjiebuqingchu;②weigaihua,dihuisheng、xingtaibuguize;③zonghengbi>1。


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 danshi,zhujingqiangjiaoshoutixing,ruguoliangxingjiejieyouyapozhengzhuang,biruyinweijiejiedaozhihuxibutongchang,huozhetunyanyouwentidengdeng,yishengyehuigenjuqingkuangzuoshoushu。


873kk在线免费观看 “qiebuqie?haishilaitingyishengzhuanyedeyishenglaijueding!”


2

碘盐导致甲状腺癌?

冤枉!


▶aayi:“jiazhuangxianaishidianyanhaide。

873kk在线免费观看 dianyanyinfajiazhuangxianai,zheiyishuofameiyourenhekexueyiju。”zhujingqiangjiaoshoushuo。“shijishang,diaochafaxian,gaodianyinshidiquderenqun,jiaaidehuanbinglvyuedi。”


01 朱精强:“任何人都可放心吃碘盐!”


“zaishoudianyandedianhanliangshibeiguojiayangekongzhide,shouxian,liangshianquande。renherendoukeyifangxinchidianyan,baokuocongqianrenweiqiaobenshijiazhuangxianyanhuanzheyudiandesheruyouguanxi,xianzaitongguoyanjiufaxianguanxibingbuda。”zhujingqiangjiaoshoushuo。


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① meiyouzengjiawoguoxianxingjiazhuangxianjibingdefabinglv,baokuolinchuangjiakang、linchuangjiajian、zishenmianyixingjiazhuangxianyan。


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④dianquefayudaduoshujiazhuangxianjibingxiangguan。dianquefadeweixianchaoguodianguoliang,suoyikongzhijiazhuangxianjibingyexujianchiquanminshiyanjiadianzhengce。


02 “碘缺乏的危害,远超碘过量的危害”


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1、缺碘或引发恶化程度更高的甲状腺癌


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yaoshuoqizhongde“henjiaose”,dangshuweifenhuaaihesuiyangai,zheiliangleiaizhengzaijiazhuangxianaizhongsuozhanbilihenshao,danzhiliaoxiaoguodouhencha!tebieshiweifenhuaai,95%huizai1nianneisiwang,pingjunshengcunqiyuebannianzuoyou。


jiazhuangxianrutouzhuangaihelvpaoaixiangduibijiao“wenrou”,danlvpaoaideyuhouyaobirutouzhuangaigengcha。

 

“quedianyuxiongxiandejiazhuangxianweifenhuaaifabingyouyidingdeguanxi,haiheyuhouxiangduigengchadejiazhuangxianlvpaoaiyouguan。”zhujingqiangjiaoshoushuo。


2、特殊人群:孕妇缺碘影响胎儿智力发育


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03 病友如何科学吃碘?专家支招


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jiazhuangxianquanqiechuhuanzhekeyisuibianchi;jiazhuangxianbanqiechuhuanzhebimianchitaiduozicai、haidai、haibaicai、xiapi,zheixiedoushihandianlianghengaodeshiwu,tebieshizicai。


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3

甲状腺癌,怎样做才能躲它远一点?


873kk在线免费观看 “genjuwodeguancha,jiazhuangxianaihuanzhezhonghendayibufendoushi“jipiqi”,xinggerongyijizaoderen。”zhujingqiangjiaoshoushuo。


ciwai,tafenxileyixiejiazhuangxianaidefabingdeyinsu,huoxucongzhongwomenkeyidedaojiejian:


01 非必要情况下,避免接触辐射


jiazhuangxianshiyigeduifushehenmingandeqiguan,chufeibiyaoqingkuang,birubiyaodeyiliaojiancha,xuyaopaixguanghect,qiyujinliangyuanlifushe。


buguoyebunengyinyefeishi,yinweihaipafusheshangjiazhuangxianerjujuejieshouzhiliao,jibingdezhiliaohejianchashi“lianghaixiangquanquqiqing”deguocheng,xiangxinkaopuyishengdezhuanyepanduanmeicuode。


02 基因、遗传因素


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lingwaiyouquanweibaodaocheng,zhenduijiazhuangxianfeisuiyangai,ruguoyijiqinshuzhongyou3mingjiyishangdehuanzhe,cijiazujuyouyichuanxingdegailvzedayu94%。


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朱精强教授提醒:现在,对甲状腺髓样癌的基因筛查不仅可以帮助诊断,而且可以确定预防性手术的时间。


03 碘摄入不足


zhengruqianwensuoshuo,diansherubuzukenengyinqijiazhuangxianweifenhuaaijijiazhuangxianlvpaoai。


04 雌激素


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05 情绪因素


工作压力和不良情绪的人,要注意调整心情,因为甲状腺是一个容易受情绪影响的娇弱器官。



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